It is the policy of SKINNER INTERIOR SYSTEMS, INC. to carry out a thorough program of accident investigation. Supervisory personnel will be primarily responsible for making an investigation of all accidents in their areas of responsibility. Accidents involving fire, death, serious injury, or extensive property damage will be investigated jointly by the Supervisor and the Owner.
The primary goal of the accident investigation program is the prevention of future similar accidents through the use knowledge derived from the investigations. Additionally, the investigation will be used to prepare reports required Federal and State law as well as the Worker's Compensation Insurance Carrier. These Reports are critical in establishing the Company and Supervisor's liability under the law.
When an employee in injured at work, the supervisor is responsible for taking emergency action to have first aid administered to obtain professional medical attention as soon as possible and protect other employees and equipment. The supervisor must then begin to investigate the circumstances of the accident. The following procedures have been found to be effective when investigating accidents:
For the protection and safety of all employees, SKINNER INTERIOR SYSTEMS, INC. has established the following rules designed to prevent accidents and injuries. Compliance with these rules is mandatory for all personnel.
1. Proper footwear and clothing will be worn at work at all times.
2. Horseplay, running fighting or any activity that may result in injury or waste will not be tolerated.
3. Eye protection is required when performing any task and could produce flying particles.
4. Operate all machinery with guards in place. Tampering with safety devices is cause for immediate disciplinary action, up to and including termination.
5. Do not operate any equipment that you are not familiar with.
6. Machines must never be cleaned adjusted or repaired until after the machine is turned off, the circuit is broken at the source and a warning tag is placed at the controls. Each person involved in maintenance must have his/her own personal padlock to ensure total lack of power until all work has been completed.
7. Any defects in material, machinery, tools and equipment must be reported immediately to a supervisor.
8. Do not leave tools, materials or other objects on the floor, which might cause others to trip and fall.
9. Avoid risk of rupture, internal injury or back injury in attempting to lift or push excessive loads. If an object is too heavy to move without strain, ask for help.
10.Observe the correct position for lifting. Stand with your feet slight apart, assume a squatting position with knee bent and tuck your chin. Tilt head forward, grasp the load with both hands and gradually push up with legs, keeping your back straight and avoiding any abrupt movement.
11. Do not distract others while working. When approaching a machine or forklift operator for any purpose, do so from the front or side in a way that he or she will see you coming and will not be shocked or surprised. If conversations necessary, first make sure the machine is turned off.
12. Do not allow oil, water, or any other material to remain on the floor where you or others may slip. Report any spills to your supervisor.
13. When handling hazardous materials insure you follow prescribed safety procedures and use required safety equipment. When using secondary containers filled by others, insure that they are libeled as to their contents and hazards.
14. Use appropriate gloves when handling materials with shaper or jagged edges, which might result in lacerations.
15. Do not attempt to operate machinery for which you are not trained.
16. Unnecessary and excessive haste is the cause of many accidents. Exercise caution at all times WALK, DO NOT RUN!
17. The use of hot production equipment or materials for the purpose of cooking or heating food is strictly prohibited.
18. All work related injuries and accidents, no matter how minor, must be reported immediately to your supervisor.
19. If you have any questions and/or concerns about the safety of any operations, do not hesitate to discuss it with your supervisor immediately.
It is imperative that all employees become thoroughly familiar with the above safety rules. Failure to comply with safety rules or procedures, or failure to wear the appropriate safety equipment, will result in disciplinary action up to and including termination.
Under the new provisions of the standard, the Project Manager will be required to perform work place hazard assessment to determine the presence of hazards that necessitates the use of PPE. The developer then selects appropriate equipment to protect employees from those hazards. In addition, the developer will educate and train all affected employees in the proper use and maintenance of PPE. Each such employee shall be trained to know at least the following:
Each affected employee shall use appropriate (ANSI Z87.1-1989) eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acid or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors or potentially injurious light radiation. (Consult MSDS for chemical eye protection requirements).
Eye protection that provides side protection shall be used when there is a hazard from flying objects or particles.
Each affected employee who wears prescription lenses shall wear eye protection that incorporates prescription in its design, or shall wear eye protection that can be worn over the prescription lenses without disturbing the proper position of prescription lenses or the protective lenses.
Each affected employee shall use filter lenses that have a shade number appropriate for protection from injurious light radiation (see table at the end of this section). Safety Glasses Must Be Worn at all times When Using A Saw, Grinder, Router, Cutting Torch Or Powder Actuated Tools.
Each affected employee shall wear protective helmets when working in the areas where there is a potential for injury to the head from falling objects or low overhead clearances.
Employees working near exposed electrical conductors should wear protective helmets designed to reduce electrical shock hazard. Hard Hats Must Be Worn At All Times.
Protective helmets purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z89.1-1986.
Each affected employee shall wear protective footwear when working in areas where there is a danger of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects, or objects piercing the sole, and where employee’s feet are exposed to electrical hazards. Safety Boots Must Be Worn At All Times.
Protective footwear purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z41-1991.
The Contractor shall select and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees’ hands are exposed to hazards such as those from skin absorption of harmful substances (consult MSDS), severe cuts and lacerations, abrasions, punctures, chemical or thermal burns and harmful temperature extremes.
Any employee exposed to fall hazards of 6 feet or more who is not protected by a handrail must use an approved safety harness/belt, lanyard or lifeline, horizontal lines, catenary lines, or other approved means of protection unless covered by the OSHA Steel Erection Standard (29CFR1926 Sub part R). Approval should come from the project superintendent.
Employees must use positive fall restraint or fall arrest at all times where employees are working at heights greater than 6 feet. Situations where fall restraint or fall arrest is necessary include, but are not limited to:
Before any employee begins work on a project that requires the use of scaffolding--a temporary elevated platform and supporting structure designed to support workers and their materials--he/she should be thoroughly familiar with the various types of scaffolding and work rules
The first and easiest rule to remember about scaffolding is:
The general scaffold work rules above also apply to rolling scaffolds. In addition, the following rules must be carefully observed:
Employees should take these additional precautions when erecting and using rolling scaffolds.
In the construction industry, a back injury is the most common of all injuries. The injury is generally caused by the lack of knowledge of HOW to lift.
The following are recommended safe practices for lifting and carrying heavy objects. When a worker has to lift a heavy object and move it to another location, he/she should:
Common sense when using any tool or equipment can help reduce injuries.
Power activated and electric hand tools that are not used in the prescribed manner or are defective cause many eye and hand injuries. Preventive maintenance should be scheduled for all kinds of tools and/or equipment. Any individual should never use tools or equipment until he has been trained in the proper use, care and hazards of each tool and piece of equipment.
The following are recommended safety procedures and/or precautions in the use and care of power and hand tools: